Before You Come - Dr. Senai Aksoy

Before You Come

This article is your personal guide to experiencing magical and unforgettable moments in Istanbul!


  1. A Successful Medical Stay in Istanbul: IVF and Practical Preparations
  2. How to Obtain a Local SIM Card
  3. Avoiding Thefts in Istanbul
  4. Issues with Taxis in Istanbul
  5. Public Transportation in Istanbul
  6. Istanbulkart
  7. Finding Accommodation in Istanbul Before Your Arrival
  8. Must-Visit Places and Activities in Istanbul

1- A Successful Medical Stay in Istanbul: IVF and Practical Preparations

  1. At the Airport:
  • Keep all your medical and travel documents within easy reach.
  • If you have prescribed medications, ensure you have a medical prescription with you to avoid any customs issues.
  • Consider arranging transportation from the airport to your accommodation.
  1. Accommodation:
  • Try to find lodging close to the clinic to minimize travel.
  • Ensure your accommodation is comfortable and quiet to ensure optimal rest after medical procedures.
  1. Communication:
  • Although many Turks speak English, having a translation app on your phone can be helpful.
  • Inform the clinic of your arrival and coordinate with them for your appointments.
  1. Health:
  • Strictly follow the instructions from Dr. Aksoy and his team regarding medications and procedures.
  • Avoid consuming foods or drinks you’ve never tried before to prevent any allergic or adverse reactions.
  1. Culture and Leisure:
  • Make the most of your stay by exploring the beautiful city of Istanbul. Visit historical sites like the Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia, and Topkapi Palace.
  • Try out the local cuisine, but be cautious if you have dietary restrictions.
  1. Transportation:
  • Use official taxis or recognized rideshare apps to avoid scams.
  • Familiarize yourself with the public transportation system if you plan on traveling frequently.
  1. Finances:
  • Inform your bank about your trip to prevent your cards from being blocked.
  • Always carry some local currency for small expenses.
  1. Relaxation:
  • Istanbul boasts numerous spas and hammams. This could be a great way to relax during your stay.
  1. Emergencies:
  • Always have the clinic’s contact details and a local hospital’s details on hand in case of emergencies.

2- How to Obtain a Local SIM Card:

  • Choosing a Provider: The leading telecom operators in Turkey are Turkcell, Vodafone, and Türk Telekom. All of them provide reliable coverage throughout the country.
  • Required Documentation: You will need your passport to buy a SIM card in Turkey. Make sure to have it with you when visiting the operator’s store.
  • Where to Buy: You can purchase a SIM card at the airport, although it might be slightly more expensive than in the city. It’s recommended to visit one of the operator’s official stores in the city to get the best deals and ensure the SIM card is activated correctly.
  • Activation: Once you buy the SIM card, the store employee will typically activate it for you. If you purchase it at the airport, ensure it’s activated before leaving the kiosk.
  • Recharge: You can top up your credit at the operator’s stores, kiosks, supermarkets, or even online if you have an accepted payment method.
  • Packages: Operators usually offer packages that include calls, SMS, and data. Ask about the available options and choose the one that fits your needs best.
  • Validity Period: SIM cards for tourists typically last for 30 to 90 days. If you plan to stay longer, inform the store staff to know your options.
  • Tips: Before purchasing, check your phone’s compatibility with frequencies used in Turkey. Ensure your phone is unlocked and can accept SIM cards from other providers. With a local SIM card, you can communicate effortlessly, use navigation apps, and stay connected during your stay in Istanbul.

3- Avoiding Thefts in Istanbul:

  • Be Aware of Your Surroundings: Always be mindful of your surroundings, especially in crowded areas like markets, train stations, or tourist spots. Pickpockets often operate in these areas.
  • Never Leave Your Luggage Unattended: Whether at the airport, train station, or a public place, always keep your belongings within sight.
  • Use Locks for Your Suitcases: This can deter opportunistic thieves. If possible, use combination locks to avoid losing keys.
  • Don’t Flaunt Valuables: Avoid drawing attention by displaying expensive items like jewelry, cameras, or smartphones. If you use an ATM, choose a well-lit location and always cover your PIN.
  • Wear a Secure Bag: Bags with zippers or flaps can provide additional protection against pickpockets. Always carry your bag in front of you in crowded areas.
  • Be Cautious of Overly Friendly Strangers: While most Istanbul residents are warm and welcoming, beware of strangers who seem too insistent or try to distract you.
  • Note Important Numbers: Always carry emergency phone numbers, such as your embassy or the tourist police, in case you need assistance.
  • General Tip: By following these tips, you can fully enjoy your stay in Istanbul while minimizing risks. Stay alert, but don’t forget to enjoy everything this beautiful city has to offer!

4- Taxi Issues in Istanbul:

  • Overpriced Fares: Some taxi drivers might try to take advantage of tourists by charging excessive rates. Always ensure the meter is turned on at the start of your ride.
  • Detoured Routes: To increase the fare, some drivers might take longer routes. Having a mapping app on your phone can help you track the route and ensure it’s logical.
  • Unofficial Taxis: Ensure you’re taking an official taxi. Legitimate taxis in Istanbul are yellow with a “Taksi” logo on the roof. Avoid cars without distinctive signs claiming to be taxis.
  • Communication Issues: Although many drivers speak some English, the language barrier can be a challenge. Have your destination address written in Turkish or use a translation app to ease communication.
  • Refusing Short Rides: Some drivers might refuse short rides, especially during rush hours. If this happens, try another taxi or consider alternative transportation.
  • Currency Issues: Some drivers might claim they don’t have change for large bills. Always try to have smaller denominations with you.
  • Tips for a Positive Taxi Experience in Istanbul: Always take an official taxi, ensure the meter is on at the start, have a rough idea of the route, or use a mapping app to track the journey. Always have your destination written in Turkish, and carry small bills for payment.

5- Public Transport in Istanbul

Istanbul, being one of the world’s largest metropolises, boasts a diverse and efficient public transportation system. Here’s an overview of the primary public transportation modes in Istanbul and how to access them:

1- Metro:

Istanbul’s metro network is continually expanding and serves most of the city’s significant districts. Stations are well-marked, and information is available in both Turkish and English. Tokens can be purchased, or the Istanbulkart can be used for metro journeys.

2- Tramway:

The tramway is a convenient mode of transport, especially in Istanbul’s historical region. It connects major sites like Sultanahmet, the Grand Bazaar, and the Galata Tower. Like the metro, tokens or the Istanbulkart can be used for tram rides.

3- Bus:

Istanbul has an extensive bus network covering nearly all parts of the city. Buses can be crowded during peak hours, so it’s best to avoid them if possible during these times. Payments can be made using tokens, but using the Istanbulkart is more convenient.

4- Ferries:

Ferries offer a scenic way to travel between Istanbul’s European and Asian sides. They provide breathtaking views of the city, especially during sunset. Tokens or the Istanbulkart can be used for ferry rides.

5- Funicular and Cable Car:

The funicular is useful for climbing the hill between Taksim and Kabataş. The city also features several cable cars, offering panoramic views.

Tips for using public transport in Istanbul:

  • Plan ahead using navigation apps or maps to determine the best route.
  • Be alert during peak hours as transport can be crowded.
  • Always keep an eye on your belongings, especially in crowded places.
  • If you plan to use public transport multiple times, investing in Istanbulkart is wise.
  • With a variety of transport options at your disposal, getting around Istanbul is both convenient and economical.

6- Istanbulkart:

The Istanbulkart is a rechargeable transportation card that can be used for all public transport modes in Istanbul. It offers discounted fares compared to individual tokens and can be bought and recharged at many kiosks and metro/tram stations. It’s highly recommended for those planning frequent use of public transport.

About Istanbulkart:

The Istanbulkart is essential for anyone wanting to explore Istanbul using public transport. It’s a rechargeable electronic card that greatly eases commuting in this bustling metropolis. Here’s what you need to know about the Istanbulkart:

1- What is Istanbulkart?

The Istanbulkart is a chip card allowing you to pay for various transport modes in Istanbul, including the metro, tram, buses, ferries, and even some taxis. It operates on a “touch and go” basis, meaning you only need to approach the card to the reader at the entrance and exit of stations or vehicles.

2- Where to buy Istanbulkart?

Istanbulkart kiosks are scattered throughout the city, especially near major metro, tram, and ferry stations. They can also be purchased at some newsstands or neighborhood stores. A small deposit is generally required when buying, which is refunded if you return the card.

3- How to recharge Istanbulkart?

The card can be recharged at automatic machines located in metro, tram, and ferry stations. These machines accept both cash and credit cards. You can also top up your card at specific kiosks or stores displaying the Istanbulkart logo.

4- Benefits of Istanbulkart:

  • Savings: Using Istanbulkart is typically cheaper than buying individual tokens for each journey.
  • Convenience: No need to look for exact change or queue to buy tokens each time. The card also allows easy transfers between different transport modes.
  • Flexibility: The card is valid on almost all public transport modes, giving you total freedom to explore the city as you wish.

5- Usage Tips:

  • Always maintain a sufficient balance on your card, especially if you plan to make multiple trips in a day.
  • If traveling in a group, one Istanbulkart can be used for several people. However, ensure you “tap” the card for each person upon entry.
  • Keep the card in a safe place to avoid losing it. Even if replaced, the balance won’t be.

In conclusion, the Istanbulkart is a must-have tool for both residents and visitors of Istanbul. It offers a simple, economical, and efficient way to navigate this vast city. If you’re planning to spend time in Istanbul, investing in an Istanbulkart is highly recommended.

7- Finding Accommodation in Istanbul Before Your Arrival

If you’re planning to come to Istanbul, be it for a medical, professional, or leisurely stay, it’s essential to organize your accommodation in advance. Here are some steps and tips to help you find the ideal lodging before your arrival:

Define your needs:

  • How many rooms do you need?
  • What’s your budget?
  • Do you want to be close to specific sites or services, like a clinic or tourist attractions?

Online Booking Sites:

  • This platform is among the most popular and offers a broad range of hotels, apartments, and other types of accommodations in Istanbul.
  • Airbnb: A great choice for those who favor a more personalized stay or an entire apartment.
  • Agoda and These websites also provide a variety of options, often with special deals or discounts.

Local Real Estate Agencies:

  • If planning an extended stay or seeking a furnished apartment, contacting a local real estate agency is advisable. They can assist in finding short-term or long-term rentals.

Online Groups and Forums:

  • Join Facebook groups or forums dedicated to expatriates or travelers in Istanbul. Members frequently share recommendations or announcements for available accommodations.

Ask for Recommendations:

  • If you know individuals who have visited or lived in Istanbul, ask them for advice. They might have valuable tips or contacts to share.

Consider Temporary Residency:

  • If unsure about where you’d like to stay, consider booking a temporary residence for the initial days of your trip. This will allow you to explore various neighborhoods and find the perfect spot.

Examine Reviews:

  • Before finalizing your booking, read reviews from other travelers. This can offer insight into the accommodation’s quality, location, and provided services.

Review Cancellation Policy:

  • Ensure you understand the cancellation policy of the accommodation you’re booking. This can be vital if your plans might change.

By following these steps and investing time in research, you should be able to locate accommodation that meets your requirements and ensures a comfortable stay in Istanbul.

8- Must-Visit Places and Activities in Istanbul:

Historical Sites:

  • Hagia Sophia (Sainte-Sophie): Initially a Christian basilica during the Eastern Roman Empire, it was converted into a mosque post the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople. Today, it’s a museum blending Christian and Islamic influences. Its grand domes, golden mosaics, and towering pillars showcase architectural brilliance.
  • Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Camii): Recognized by its unique six minarets, a count traditionally reserved for Mecca. Inside, visitors marvel at thousands of blue tiles adorning the walls with various floral and geometric patterns.
  • Topkapi Palace: The heart of the vast Ottoman Empire, from where sultans governed their territory spanning three continents. Now a museum, it displays treasures like the Kasikci diamond and revered Islamic relics.
  • Basilica Cistern: A massive underground water reservoir supported by 336 columns. The mystical ambiance is enhanced by dim lighting and water reflections, with the inverted Medusa heads being a peculiar highlight.

Markets and Bazaars:

  • Grand Bazaar (Kapalı Çarşı): A maze of covered lanes home to thousands of shops. From handcrafted jewelry, Anatolian rugs, colorful ceramics to exotic spices, it’s all available here.
  • Spice Bazaar (Misir Çarşısı): The intoxicating aromas of spices, herbs, and teas waft through this bazaar. It’s the go-to place for Turkish delight (lokum), nuts, dried fruits, and spice blends for kebab and pilaf.

Relaxation and Recreation:

  • Bosphorus Cruise: Cruising along the Bosphorus Strait offers a unique city perspective, showcasing Ottoman palaces, ancient wooden villas (yali), and medieval fortresses.
  • Hammams: Traditional Turkish baths offer deep relaxation. Post a steam bath, masseurs exfoliate the skin with a coarse mitt, followed by an oil massage.
  • Beyoğlu District and Istiklal Street: Istanbul’s modern heart, featuring trendy shops, cafes, cinemas, and art galleries. The historical tramway traversing the street is an attraction in itself.

Green Spaces and Views:

  • Gülhane Park: Formerly a palace garden, this park provides a serene green oasis in the city’s heart. During spring, the tulip bloom is a must-see spectacle.
  • Galata Tower: Erected in the 14th century, this tower provides a 360° panorama of Istanbul, especially breathtaking at sunset.


  • Bosphorus Seafood Restaurants: Waterside eateries not only offer fresh seafood but also a stunning view, particularly at sunset.

Neighborhoods to Explore:

  • Sultanahmet: Istanbul’s historical center, where most iconic sites are within walking distance of each other.
  • Ortaköy: Famous for its quaint seaside mosque and artisanal market. It’s also popular for “kumpir”, a baked potato stuffed with various toppings.

Istanbul is a city that lives and breathes history, culture, and art. Every street corner tells a story, every bazaar is filled with treasures, and every view is a living painting of this fascinating metropolis.”

1 Comment

  • Posted March 4, 2023
    by Gisselly Herrera

    Hi my name is Gisselly Herrera
    I am considering undergoing IVF treatment. I would like to know if I can make a candidate for this treatment and what is the price? I am 42 years old and I have been diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome. I would like to know what are the chances of getting pregnant? I spent several years in infertility treatments but I was not lucky, the only thing I needed to do was IVF.

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